The world focused its attention on Haiti in the wake of the crisis caused by earthquakes in Port-au-Prince last month, but the tiny island nation has been racked with instability practically since it declared independence over 200 years ago.
In an article, “Laviche: Haiti’s Vulnerability to the Global Food Crisis”, from the November 2009 NAPA Bulletin (Volume 32), which was dedicated to the Global Food Crisis, John Mazzeo explores the food crisis that hit Haiti in the spring of 2008.
According to Mazzeo, even in rural households most Haitians depend on the marketplace for food, rather than feeding themselves through subsistence farming. Dependence on imported foods (rice in particular), rather than domestic staples, and high cost of living increased Haitians’ vulnerability to market prices and eventually led to a series of food riots.
In examining economic policies around food imports and marketing, as well as changing consumption patterns, Mazzeo explores the trends which led the latest food crisis in an attempt to inform both temporary food assistance programs and long-term development initiatives.
Other articles in this issue of NAPA Bulletin include:
FROM CRISIS TO CUMULATIVE EFFECTS: FOOD SECURITY CHALLENGES IN ALASKA David V. Fazzino, Philip A. Loring
And don’t forget – you can order paper copies of the entire issue for use in the classroom! http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-1444335820.html